Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.
Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
Adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, Nov. 12, 2002. This Definition is also used by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).
Studies show that individuals with dyslexia process information in a different area of the brain than do non-dyslexics. Check out this video:
Here are a few informative websites that describe the signs of dyslexia:
- International Dyslexia Association
- National Center for Learning Disabilities, Understood
- Susan Barton, Bright Solutions for Dyslexia
- Sally Shawitz, Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity
- This is a great video that gives an overview on dyslexia.
Typically the signs of dyslexia are right beneath the surface. This graphic shows the hidden disability: Dyslexia.
Credit: Lexercise, creator of a free online dyslexia test.